Major changes will take place in the Ontario real estate industry when the Real
Estate and Business Brokers Act 2002 (REBBA 2002) finally comes into force on
Here are some major changes that will impact the public and industry
Brokerage ownership: At present, registered brokers must own at least 51
per cent of a real estate brokerage. Under the new act, non-brokers can own the
entire business. There must be a "broker of record" on staff to manage the
business, but it can be owned by unlicensed entrepreneurs or even financial
Immediate suspensions: Under the old legislation, when discipline
proceedings have been taken against a registered real estate agent, he or she
can continue to trade in real estate, sometimes harming more consumers during
the delay. As of March 31, the registrar of brokers and agents can order an
immediate suspension where it is in the public interest.
Trust funds: Unless an agreement of purchase and sale provides
otherwise, all interest payable on trust money must be paid to the person who
owns the money usually the purchaser. Brokers will have to disclose to the
owner of the money the terms on which the brokerage deposits the money, and if
it is in an interest-bearing account, the rate of interest that the broker
Unclaimed trust funds: When a real estate transaction does not close,
the brokerage is often left holding the deposit funds in its trust account for a
long time sometimes years. Now, where entitlement to the deposit is in dispute
or is unclear, the broker will be required to send the money to the Real Estate
Council of Ontario (RECO), the governing body of the profession.
Falsifying information: The new act adopts a get-tough policy on agents
who participate in mortgage fraud schemes. It is now going to be a specific
offence under REBBA 2002 to falsify information or documents, or counsel others
to do so in relation to a trade in real estate. This type of offence would
include preparing an amendment to a purchase agreement which allows the
purchaser to get a "rebate" on closing, for the purpose of misleading the lender
as to the true underlying price being paid for a property. It will be illegal
for an agent or broker to furnish false or deceptive information regarding a
trade in real estate, or to advise others to do so.
False advertising: The registrar will have the power to order an
immediate stop to false advertising, and to require registrants to retract
statements or publish corrections. The RECO will be required to publish
information regarding false advertising, trust account freeze orders and all
charges, convictions and sentences under the new legislation.
Code of ethics: Regulations under REBBA 2002 have enacted a new code of
ethics, which is quite different from the current one. There will be more
obligations on registrants when dealing with the public, particularly when
several clients are represented by the same brokerage. Under the new rules, a
registrant can't act for more than one client in any transaction unless all the
clients being represented consent in writing.
Complaints: The current complaints process against agents and brokers is
being scrapped and replaced by a new one governed by regulations passed under
the act. Rather than being based on RECO bylaws, the new process is governed by
a set of legislated principles.
Exemptions: A number of exemptions from registration have been continued
in the new legislation. Full-time salaried employees of new home builders
continue to be exempt from registration if they are acting for or on behalf of
their employer in the purchase or sale of Ontario property. As a result,
billions of dollars worth of new homes and condominiums in this province will
continue to be sold every year by unregulated sales staff.
Another exemption relates to lawyers and a slight change has been enacted
to our exemption from registration. Under REBBA 2002, lawyers will not be
required to register as real estate agents "where the trade in real estate is
itself a legal service or is incidental to and directly arising out of the legal
Under the old legislation, lawyers were exempt where the trade in real
estate was made "in the course of and as a part of the solicitor's practice."
The change in wording will not affect the rapid growth of Lawyer Web
Property Shop (http://www.propertyshop.ca), an affiliation of real estate
lawyers outside of Toronto organized by Mike Forcier of Owen Sound. The Property
Shop concept enables lawyers to help clients market and sell their own
properties at fixed fees or hourly rates that may be significantly cheaper than
alternate sale options.
Bob Aaron is a Toronto real estate lawyer. He can be reached by email at email@example.com, phone 416-364-9366 or fax 416-364-3818.
Visit the Toronto Star column archives at http://www.aaron.ca/columns for articles on this and other topics or his main webpage at www.aaron.ca.